Reasons Why Canada’s Solution to Low Population Growth is Additional Immigration

A recent Huffington Post article written by the economist, Salman Sakir, highlights that Canada is one of the many advanced countries that is encountering a low population growth. They’re even putting advertisements/vehicle wraps on their public transportation(like in Calgary) acquired from that is asking canadians to vote for more immigration reform.

The OECD anticipates that Canada will experience a decline in it’s population growth percentage of its residents, who are less than 15 years of age to decline from 16.5 to just 15.6 percent from 2010-2050. Mr. Sakir states that this will spur many both social and economic implications that could put a permanent stop to the country’s growth.

To view a window into the future, take a look at Japan, where their population, who is advancing in age has brought the country’s once amazing economy to a standstill to the point where it will likely never truly recover.images

Nicholas Eberstadt, political economist notes that by 2040, the population of Japan residents over 100 will equal the amount of births there, a piece of data that truly reflects the already dire circumstances that Japan’s demographics have forced upon the country.

Eberstadt states that, “Thanks partially to it’s method of financing programs for the elderly, Japan already possesses the most elevated ratio of gross public debt compared with gross domestic product, which is at more than 200 percent, among developed nations. Researchers’ projections at the Bank for International Settlements makes implications that the current ratio could climb to a staggering 600 percent by 2040.”

By contrast, Greece’s public debt is valued at about 130 percent of it’s GDP at the beginning of it’s present default misfortunes. While Japan may well be able to service this substantial debt without the risk of sovereign default, making the assumption that it’s low-interest-rate climate is maintained, it’s difficult to see how conditions for fast or even moderate economic growth could be generated with these circumstances ingredients.

Eberstadt, who is a writer for the Wilson Quarterly, states that one of the key factors for Japan’s conundrum is “unusually strong aversion to immigration”. I argue that this is solely the most vital matter that Canada can affect to curb it’s low population growth issues. At a time when we’re up against a transparent threat to our long-term growth, we shouldn’t be complicating the process of an immigrant becoming a Canadian citizen, as matters, such as Bill C-24 (the “Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act”) would appear to do. With certain caveats, we should be making this process simpler.

“Immigration is the best anti-poverty program ever created,” says Alex Taborrock, a Canadian-born economist and co-author of the highly-esteemed economics blog, Marginal Revolution. Tabarrok was the co-author of the “Open Letter on Immigration”, penned in 2006, which was addressed to the current president at that time, George W. Bush and every American Congress member. The letter, which was co-signed by over 500 economists, presented the case that immigration wasn’t a burden, but was actually to American benefit.

“Immigrants don’t take American jobs. The American economy can generate as many job opportunities as workers, who are willing to work exist, provided that labor markets remain equally open, flexible, and free to all job seekers,” the letter explained..

In 2013, Tabarrok addressed the country’s views that are growing about immigration restriction in a CBC interview.

“It’s truly a shame that Canada, which has been quite open to immigration, historically, is thinking about restricting, ” he said. “Immigration is among the great possibilities one can offer to the world. It’s incredibly beneficial for both Canadians and for immigrants.”

But, what about the notion that opening the Canadian border to anyone and everyone creates conditions for a free-for-all that would excessively flood our social programs? Tabarrok believes there isn’t an easy fix to this issue.

“If people fear the burden on our systems, with immigrants collecting welfare, the solution isn’t to bar them from moving around. The solution is to inform immigrants that they are not permitted to go on welfare.”

From my point of view, as a person who covers global technology, it’s difficult to grasp any indication of xenophobia here when a vast amount of Canada’s most excellent contributions has been made by immigrants. Keep in mind also that I’m not just speaking about the era of Alexander Graham Bell.

Terry Matthews immigrated to Canada in the 60’s from Wales and is almost solely responsible for creating conditions to make Ottawa a hub of technology. Mike Lazaridis immigrated from Istanbul to Canada when he was just 5 and the result is Canada is the birthplace of the smartphone. Prem Watsa departed from India with only $8 to his name and has since become a renowned global investor and one of Canada’s greatest philanthropists. It’s difficult to imagine a Canada void of these three men and so many others, who continue to shape our modern economy.

2015 Immigration Reform: Citizenship Path Favored By 65 Percent of Americans

A recently concluded Gallup poll illustrates that most Americans support a plan that would permit undocumented immigrants to stay in the United States and eventually become citizens. The poll has emerged amidst a national debate that surrounds over 10 million immigrants, who are estimated to be residing illegally in the United States.

The poll shows that 65 percent of adult Americans are in favor of letting undocumented immigrants remain in the country and to become citizens, provided they meet particular requirements as time commences; 19 percent of Americans would favor a plan permitting illegal immigrants to remain in the country on a temporary basis, and 14 percent would prefer for them to all be deported to their country of origin. Among the demographics identified as participants in this poll, Hispanic Americans were shown to be the most likely to support citizenship pathways (77 percent), followed by African Americans (70 percent), and then by Caucasian Americans (62 percent).

Donald Trump, real estate mogul, catapulted to the forefront of the matter of Republican presidential election candidates largely by fixating on border security along with immigration reform. In his June campaign announcement, he urged for a wall to be built between the United States and it’s neighboring country to the south, Mexico, and remarked about Mexicans that got him in trouble. His Republican polling success is consistent with the recent Gallup poll. 88 percent of Democrats support a citizenship pathway, compared with only 50 percent of Republicans.

The remainder of Republican candidates and politicians appear to be less heated about immigration, as opposed to Trump. Many of the others, which include Trump, once supported a citizenship pathway, but backed off from the subject as the national campaigns soon approached. These politicians include Senator Marco Rubio; former Florida Governor, Jeb Bush; Ben Carson; Louisiana Governor, Bobby Jindal; New Jersey Governor, Chris Christie; former Arkansas Governor, Mike Huckabee; and Wisconsin Governor, Scott Walker. Senator Ted Cruz; Rand Paul; Carly Fiorina; former Texas Governor Rick Perry; and former Senator, Rick Santorum haven’t ever supported citizenship pathways. Senator Lindsey Graham seems to be the sole GOP candidate who supports citizenship pathways.

Among Democratic nomination candidate hopefuls, former Maryland Governor, Martin O’Malley; Senator Bernie Sanders; and former Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton support citizenship pathways.

Foreign visitors to Canada to face electronic screening

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Millions of travellers will soon face another layer of red tape when they try to visit Canada.
Starting Saturday, Ottawa will start accepting applications for electronic travel authorization (eTA) from people who wish to travel to Canada by air.
Prospective travellers have until March 15 to submit their biographic, passport and other personal information through Citizenship and Immigration Canada’s website for pre-screening or face being denied entry when the border enforcement kicks in.
The new measure — part of the harmonization with the United States’ travel security system — will apply to most air passengers, including all applicants for study and work permits, as well as those who come from countries that currently do not require a visa to come to Canada.
“Providing the information required by these amendments will allow Canada to determine the admissibility of foreign nationals before they arrive at the border and whether their travel poses migration or security risks,” the immigration department says.
The eTA system will “enhance data-gathering capacity, improve intelligence, close the gap on the lack of information that is provided for commercial aviation inbound traffic, and more generally to enforce the visa program.”
The enrolment period aims to give travellers time to learn about eTA and to obtain their authorization before it becomes mandatory in March.
Critics view the initiative as another attempt to block refugees from arriving on Canadian soil and raise concerns over the use of the data in storage.

“It aims at screening such people out and it looks to us as part of the broader government agenda to stop refugees before they are able to come,” said Josh Paterson of the British Columbia Civil Liberties Association.
The eTA application costs $7 in processing fees and a positive eTA is valid for five years or when the traveller’s passport expires. Both the United States and Australia already have similar programs.
Groups exempted from the eTA requirement include: a member of the Royal Family, American citizens, commercial aircrew members, visitors with valid visas, passengers in transit through Canada and French citizens who are residents of St. Pierre and Miquelon.
Exemptions are also granted to those who arrive on flights that stop in Canada unexpectedly owing to an emergency or unforeseen circumstances.
However, a Canadian border officer may also cancel an eTA if the traveller is deemed inadmissible.
Officials said an eTA application asks for the applicant’s name, date and place of birth, gender, address, nationality and passport information. Visitors from countries where visa are needed are already required to provide such information to Canadian embassy or consulate staff before travelling here.
According to the immigration department, visa-exempt foreign nationals, excluding U.S. citizens, represent about 74 per cent of foreign nationals who arrive by air in Canada.
The latest statistics in 2013 showed the total number of visa-exempt travellers who arrived in Canada and were deemed inadmissible for entry at airports was 7,055.
Reasons for refusal include membership in terrorist organizations, espionage, alleged participation in war crimes or crimes against humanity, criminality and health threats such as tuberculosis.
Officials said the belated detection resulted in significant expense, delay and inconvenience for these individuals, other travellers, the airlines and government officials.
The new eTA system costs taxpayers $165.7 million due to initial upfront investment costs and the ongoing processing cost, which officials said would be offset by the fee revenue and savings from not having to process an average of more than 4,500 otherwise inadmissible visitors to the country.
Immigration officials have launched a short video to help travellers learn about the program.

Canada’s New Immigrant Investor Program Fails

Canada’s new Immigrant Investor Venture Capital Program (IIVCP), aimed at attracting high net-worth immigrants, has failed miserably. While the program usually works great for finding low level educated immigrants who can work in simple jobs such as a limo service winnipeg, finding more educated individuals seems to be much more difficult. The program, launched in January 2015, was a replacement for the Immigrant Investor Program (IIP) cancelled in 2014 by the Conservative Government. According to documents obtained through an access-to-information request, the IIVCP has received only six applications, a far cry from the sixty spots allocated to it and the 500 applications anticipated.

Eren Sari, Business Development Manager at Green and Spiegel LLP, believed the policy “never had any hope of success.” Sari said the IIVCP seemed like it was “designed in a vacuum,” failing to “consider the nature of the program it was replacing” and “the market for these kinds downloadof ‘Citizenship-by-Investment Programs’ offered by other countries.” Comparing the two policies, the flaws in the IIVCP were striking. While the IIP gave Permanent Residence to investors and their dependents for a five-year, non-interest bearing $800,000 investment in Canada, the IIVCP required a fifteen-year investment of $2,000,000, with the entire investment being “at-risk” of loss. When cancelled, the IIP had a backlog of about 60,000 applicants as compared to the meager six the IIVCP attracted.

A cursory examination of international programs showed that IIVCP requirements are outliers in the fierce global competition for immigrant investors. In Europe, investors may obtain residency in Spain or Portugal for maintaining a €500,000 five-year investment in real-estate. Residency in Antigua and Barbuda can be had for as little as $250,000. By comparison, Canada’s fifteen-year commitment of $2,000,000 was simply too excessive. As Sari pondered, “why would an investor risk $2,000,000 to come to Canada, when they can risk far less – as little as US $500,000 – to secure a US Green Card?” Despite the Federal IIVCP, a provincial Quebec program still allows qualified investors to obtain Permanent Residence for the same $800,000 investment required under the IIP, and it can be financed.

UN alarmed by Canada’s immigration detention

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A UN report has raised the alarm over Canada’s lengthy immigration detention and the lack of medical support for inmates with mental health conditions.
Those were among the many concerns over the changes made to the immigration and refugee system by the federal government in recent years that are raised in a country report released by the United Nations Human Rights Committee on Thursday.
“The State party should refrain from detaining irregular migrants for an indefinite period of time and should ensure that detention is used as a measure of last resort, that a reasonable time limit for detention is set,” said the committee, made up of 17 independent international experts.hassan.jpg.size.xxlarge.letterbox
The seven-page report is the result of a review of Canada’s human rights conditions, conducted earlier this month to ensure the country’s compliance with international agreements on civil and political rights.
Renu Mandhane, executive director of the International Human Rights Program at the University of Toronto, was among the deputants who presented to the committee in Geneva.
“We are, overall, quite pleased that the committee recognized that indefinite detention and the lack of alternatives are serious problems with the system in Canada,” Mandhane said in an interview.
“It hits all the key points we have raised. The fact that the Canadian government is required to report back within a year on its recommendations speaks to the seriousness of the issue.”
Canada’s immigration detention system has been under the spotlight in recent years, after the deaths of detainees in custody, including Mexican migrant Lucia Vega Jimenez in Vancouver in 2013 and Somali native Abdurahman Ibrahim Hassan, a mentally ill man who died in a Peterborough hospital in June.
Last year alone, Canada detained 8,519 people — more than half of them in Ontario — who violated immigration law. While detainees were held an average of 23 days, 58 individuals had been detained for more than a year, including four who had been in jail for five years and more.
The UN report also criticized the denial of appeals to rejected refugees from Ottawa’s so-called safe countries which could expose them to persecution and danger if deported to their home countries. It asked Canada to review this policy.

Canadian Millionaire Immigration Program Receives Only Six Applications

Many decades ago, Canada launched an investors class visa, but the program was done away with after accusations that it was allowing Chinese to buy their way to Canada. This year, Canada launched a reformed immigration program. Its pilot version, however, was a complete failure. It was an immigration program for millionaires and it received only six applications. Canada had been hoping that they would get 50 millionaire applicants, but it turned out to be far fewer.
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The stringent requirements for eligibility in this program contributed to the failure. According to one immigration lawyer, people are not confident that their investment will pay off. To be a part of this program, applicants must have a net worth of at least $10 million. They must invest at least $2 million in Canada over a 15-year period. In addition to other eligibility requirements, they must also speak French or English. The millionaire program launched in January and had received its six applications as of June 8.

The previous investors class visa program had far less strict requirements. Under that program, applicants were required to have a net worth of only $800,000 and invest only $400,000 in their new country. After a few years, the requirements were changed to a minimum net worth of $1.6 million and a minimum investment of $800,000, still far less that the new millionaire program. Under the previous program, there was no language requirement. This program was incredibly popular. Most of its applicants were from China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. In 2012, the program was temporarily shut down due to the increase in applications over the past decade.

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